Dovecot LDA with Exim

System users

Change the localuser router to use dovecot_delivery transport:

  driver = accept
# local_part_suffix = +* : -*
# local_part_suffix_optional
  transport = dovecot_delivery

check_local_user is required. It makes Exim execute the transport with the user’s UID and GID and it also sets HOME environment.

Next create a new transport for dovecot-lda:

  driver = pipe

  # Use /usr/lib/dovecot/dovecot-lda  if using Debian's package.
  # You may or may not want to add -d $local_part@$domain depending on if you need a userdb lookup done.
  command = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/dovecot-lda -f $sender_address

  message_prefix =
  message_suffix =
  #group = mail
  #mode = 0660
  temp_errors = 64 : 69 : 70: 71 : 72 : 73 : 74 : 75 : 78

LDA is now running using the local user’s UID and GID. The mail is delivered to the location specified by mail_location setting. Note that the above configuration doesn’t do any userdb lookups, so you can’t have any per-user configuration. If you want that, see the virtual user setup below.

Virtual users

Make sure that check_local_user isn’t set in the router.

Single UID

Configure the transport to run as the user you want, for example vmail:

  driver = pipe
  command = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/dovecot-lda -d $local_part@$domain  -f $sender_address
  # v1.1+: command = /usr/local/libexec/dovecot/dovecot-lda -d $local_part@$domain  -f $sender_address -a $original_local_part@$original_domain
  message_prefix =
  message_suffix =
  user = vmail
  temp_errors = 64 : 69 : 70: 71 : 72 : 73 : 74 : 75 : 78

You’ll also need to have a master authentication socket and give vmail user access to it. See LDA for more information.

List of temp_errors can be found in /usr/include/sysexits.h.

Multiple UIDs

If you need multiple uids/gids you’ll need to set dovecot-lda setuid root. See LDA for how to do this securely.

You could alternatively set user = root, but this requires that you built Exim without root being in FIXED_NEVER_USERS list.

Multiple UIDs, without running dovecot-lda as root

In this mode, dovecot-lda won’t be querying Dovecot’s master socket, instead trusting Exim to setup its execution environment. This means you must set up Exim to get the UID, GID, Home directory from LDAP/SQL/whatever. Here, we’re setting them in the router and the transport automatically inherits them.

Router configuration

Insert the following router after your external delivery routers and before your local system delivery routers.

This assumes you’re using macros set elsewhere to handle your external queries, as they can quickly become unwieldy to manage. Make sure you adjust it to suit your installation first!

  debug_print = "R: ldap_local_user for $local_part@$domain"
  driver = accept
  domains = +ldap_local_domains
  condition = LDAP_VIRT_COND
  router_home_directory = LDAP_VIRT_HOME
  user = LDAP_VIRT_UID
  group = LDAP_VIRT_GID
  #local_part_suffix = +* : -*
  transport = dovecot_lda

Transport configuration

This transport has been tested with Exim 4.69-9 and Dovecot 1:1.2.5-2 (backported) on Debian Lenny. You also have to set

  debug_print = "T: dovecot_lda for $local_part@$domain"
  driver = pipe
  # Uncomment the following line and comment the one after it if you want dovecot-lda to try
  # to deliver subaddresses into INBOX.{subaddress}. If you do this, uncomment the
  # local_part_suffix* lines in the router as well. Make sure you also change the separator
  # to suit your local setup.
  #command = /usr/lib/dovecot/dovecot-lda -e -k -m "INBOX|${substr_1:$local_part_suffix}" \
  command = /usr/lib/dovecot/dovecot-lda -e -k \
      -f "$sender_address" -a "$original_local_part@$original_domain"
  environment = USER=$local_part@$domain
  home_directory = /var/mail/home/$domain/$local_part
  umask = 002
  message_prefix =
  message_suffix =
  #temp_errors = *
  temp_errors = 64 : 69 : 70 : 71 : 72 : 73 : 74 : 75 : 78

You need to have home directory set to have duplicate database enabled, among other reasons.